Cities are rapidly expanding. In order to cope with climate change and depletion of raw materials, cities should deal more efficiently with energy and materials.
Sustainable innovation of urban infrastructures is the core theme of the Urban Metabolism research group. This can be accomplished by developing synergies between systems: urban symbiosis. By developing synergies between urban systems, they jointly consume less energy and emit less CO2 than each separately, and resources can be recovered from waste streams. Generating heat by using the road surface is an example of this. Or make biogas during waste processing. Flows such as drinking water, sewage, electricity and waste can also be connected to achieve higher efficiencies.
Often, the best way to achieve this is at the local level: Sustainable solutions are often local solutions, that require the support of citizens and enable their active engagement.
Sita van der Meulen
dr. ir. Karel Mulder
Dr. ir. Karel Mulder studied both physics and philosophy of science, technology and society at the University of Twente. In 1992 he obtained his PhD at the University of Groningen for a thesis on research strategies of large companies. Afterwards he was employed as a senior lecturer at Delft University of Technology. He spent some time as guest researcher at the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (Barcelona) and the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. Since 2015, Mulder has been a Professor in Urban Metabolism at The Hague University of Applied Sciences+31 (0) 6 - 29 05 35 64