Copyright and Plagiarism
Quick references and more information
- THUAS procedure / choices citations (Dutch and English)
- Steps for reporting at Stichting Uvo (Dutch only)
- Quick reference compiling digital readers
- Quick reference basic rules for using audio and video materials
- Quick reference working with a license for reuse
- Quick reference presentations with copyrighted works in the classroom
- Quick reference open educational resources (OER)
- Quick reference copyrights and making and publishing web lectures
The Copyright Act stipulates that if you want to use or reuse a work (publication) protected by copyright, or if you want to share it with others (such as by e-mailing it or uploading it onto Blackboard), you will have to receive permission to do so from the copyright holder and pay the copyright holder a reasonable fee. This also applies to works found on the internet: you have to request permission and quote the source. You can read more about the Copyright Act at www.auteursrechten.nl/en.
So what is allowed?
- Creating links to copyrighted works (such as articles, books, chapters of books, and videos) found on the internet is always permissible but only if these publications were lawfully published.
- Check to see if the works are available through the digital library. If so, you can create a link to them without encountering any problems.
- If the works are distributed under a licence (such as Creative Commons), such licences usually offer more freedom of citation. Check to see if the work has such a licence and see what the conditions are. Read the basic rules for finding works with a licence for reuse.
- If the work was published by the government (and the copyright was not explicitly reserved), or if you are using laws, decrees and regulations, court rulings or administrative decisions, you may use or reuse these publications without encountering any problems.
Use for educational purposes
The Hague University of Applied Sciences has a ‘reader agreement’ with the Foundation Publisher's Organization for Educational Licenses (Stichting UvO), formerly Stichting PRO, for the quoting of short citations of copyrighted works for educational purposes. This reader agreement provides permission for this and eliminates the need for a reasonable compensation as long as the works satisfy the conditions regarding ‘short citations’.
For long citations, permission will have to be requested and a reasonable fee will have to be paid. This can be done directly through the copyright holder of a publication (author or publisher) or through Stichting UvO.
Please note: quoting of short citations of copyrighted works regulated in the reader agreement is only applicable for use for educational purposes. Communication purposes towards, for example, prospective students, including the use of copyrighted works for the preparatory assignment, are not included. For these purposes it is best to use works with a Creative Commons license or by linking to works on the internet that have been lawfully published.
- Are responsible for the timely compliance with the Copyright Act in cases of long citations for both printed and digital citations (including visual material).
- Must register (or ensure that registration is done of) ‘long citations’ through Stichting UvO’s portal.
- Are responsible for archiving and, if asked, making available evidence that written permission has been given for using a long quotation. (Written consent has to be established since oral consent is not legally valid.)
- When a module is shared by a fellow lecturer, he/she must also comply with the agreements (including ones about evidence) regarding the citations.
See the THUAS flow chart for procedures/decisions concerning citations. Ask the operations team leader within your faculty about the registration of citations at Stichting UvO.
Plagiarism is the use or close imitation of another person’s work and the representation of them as one’s own original work which can occur if you incorrectly acknowledge a source or if you do not comply with the other conditions of citing.
Quoting means to repeat or copy what someone else has said, written or made. This applies not just to a literal representation but also a representation in your own words (paraphrasing). Because you are using another’s work, it is essential that you acknowledge this and meet the following requirements:
- The quote must be part of a polemic, announcement, evaluation, scientific treatise or a message of a comparable purpose;
- The quote must be functional, i.e. it must support the content of the work in which it is cited, and may not be included for ornamental purposes; and
- The size of the quote must be related to the objective you are trying to achieve. Long programmes or long texts must not be copied for example, short text fragments can be. Works of art and photographs can be ‘quoted’ in their entirety.
- The quote must cite the source, including a clear statement of the author's name.
- The APA guidelines for the correct provision of citations.
- Supersummary – Academic Citation Resource Guide. A more detailed summary about the APA and how to use it with different publications.
- RefWorks. A handy tool for correct citation.
- Worldcat.org. A global library catalogue that enables you to find the publications you wish to cite. Using its cite/export function, you can easily copy a citation to your bibliography or export it to RefWorks.
- Ephorus plagiarism prevention. The Hague University of Applied Sciences offers teaching staff the opportunity of having papers, theses and reports submitted by students scanned by the Ephorus plagiarism prevention program. Lecturers can contact DLO support to create an account. Students can submit their work electronically through the Student Portal.
Copyrights information point
The Library advises and assists students, lecturers and researchers with copyright questions. The Library is also a member of the national network of copyrights information points for universities of applied sciences. Members of this network share expertise and develop basic rules, tools and resources.
Would you like to know more?
The person to contact for issues concerning copyright legislation: Leen Liefsoens, firstname.lastname@example.org