Culture Under Fire: the ground-breaking report on the relationship between armed non-state actors and the protection of cultural heritage

In short


18 March 2019


14:30 - 17:30


Main campus, Speakers Corner

Report by Marina Lostal, Pascal Bongard and Kristin Hausler

“Many important cultural heritage sites are located in areas controlled by armed non-State actors (ANSAs): Engaging with them is therefore essential to enhance the protection of cultural heritage.”

This report presents the findings of a two-year long study conducted by Geneva Call on cultural heritage and ANSAs. It represents the most comprehensive research available on this topic to date. The report centres around three case studies—Iraq, Mali and Syria— and is based on information obtained through desk and field research, as well as interviews with leading specialized organizations. The study also incorporates the perspectives of ten selected ANSAs operating in these three countries and explores the reasons why certain ANSAs are willing to respect cultural heritage and others are not.


14:30 - 16:00

Pascal Bongard, Head of the Policy and Legal Unit of Geneva Call.
Coordinator of the study.
• Marina Lostal, Lecturer in International Law at The Hague University. 
Consultant in the study.
Sada Mire,  Archaeologist and heritage scholar; executive Director of Horn Heritage.

 16:00 - 17:30
Discussion & Drinks organized by the Netherlands Unesco Commission, see Invitation (pdf)

Organized by Research group Multilevel Regulation.

Download het rapport (pdf)

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